buddha-for-michael

Young people who go into lucrative professions scorned as bereft of moral scruples rather than choosing a noble profession helping others are often regarded as “selling out.”  But Jason Trigg, a recent MIT graduate, “sells in“:

Jason Trigg went into finance because he is after money — as much as he can earn….  he goes to work each morning for a high-frequency trading firm. It’s a hedge fund on steroids. He writes software that turns a lot of money into even more money. For his labors, he reaps an uptown salary…

Why this compulsion? It’s not for fast cars or fancy houses. Trigg makes money just to give it away. His logic is simple: The more he makes, the more good he can do.

He’s figured out just how to take measure of his contribution. His outlet of choice is the Against Malaria Foundation, considered one of the world’s most effective charities. It estimates that a $2,500 donation can save one life. A quantitative analyst at Trigg’s hedge fund can earn well more than $100,000 a year. By giving away half of a high finance salary, Trigg says, he can save many more lives than he could on an academic’s salary.

His inspiration?  The moral philosophy of Peter Singer:

While some of his peers have shunned Wall Street as the land of the morally bankrupt, Trigg’s moral code steered him there. And he’s not alone. To an emerging class of young professionals in America and Britain, making gobs of money is the surest way to save the world. When you ask Trigg where he got the idea, his answer is a common refrain among this crowd: “I feel like I’d read stuff by Peter Singer.”

Singer’s influence notwithstanding, we can also see Trigg as trodding the path of the Bodhisattva…


The One Who Comes Back

The Bodhisattva, literally “enlightened being,” is a figure from the later, Mahayana Buddhist tradition who we might call “the one who comes back.”  In early Buddhism, the ideal to which people strove was the “arhat,” the monk who flees the messy, quotidian world of everyday life–of family, business, politics, and so on.  The world of time is seen as a prison, a trap, a source of endless suffering, and enlightenment is conceived of as escape (“nirvana”) from this vicious cycle (“samsara”).  Here we see a strict separation between monks and laity, the monastery and the marketplace, eternity and time, the spiritual and the material, nirvana and samsara.

In later Buddhism, however, a different idea emerged.  This is portrayed in a story about four men.  Their town beset by draught and famine, they set out into the desert in hopes of finding succor.  After a few days, they come upon a high wall.  The first man scales the wall, and upon seeing a lush, edenic scene, rejoices and leaps over the wall.  The next two men follow suit.  But the fourth man pauses atop the wall, turns back toward the desert, thinks about all the people suffering in his town, and vows not to enter into paradise until the grass itself is enlightened.

The Bodhisattva operates according to a nondual logic:. Eternity is in time, wisdom is compassion, the other world is this world properly seen, and, as a Japanese philosopher quipped, if you can’t find nirvana in rush hour traffic on a Friday afternoon, you’re not going to find it anywhere.  The Bodhisattva is the Christ-like figure, the bringer of light, the one who works tirelessly to alleviate the suffering of others.  In contrast, the arhat, the still, stone Buddha on the mountaintop who pursues enlightenment for himself, might be seen as an escapist who writes the world off (this is a crude simplification of Buddhist categories used to illustrate a point); in other words, he might be seen as a sell out.

We tend to be dualists with our spirituality.  Business and economics are “materialistic” and “mundane,” while education and religion are seen as “humanistic and “spiritual.”  But the lesson of the Bodhisattva is that things are not always what they seem:  the man in the business suit crunching numbers or writing code at a hedge fund may be more enlightened and doing more good than the yogi doing sun salutations on an island retreat.  For the Bodhisattva, the bottom line is action that, to quote Steve Jobs, makes “a dent in the universe,” not spiritual airs.  Spirituality doesn’t matter if it doesn’t move the material world.

Making Up With Capitalism:  “Selling In”

Intellectuals and people who sort of shrug when asked if they are liberal will reflexively dismiss this as just more ideology: “Ooooh, look, now the system is getting so good at masking its exploitation and injustice that it’s making it look like people will make oodles of money just so they can give it away (and make those very people think that they are ‘gaming’ the system by leveraging its perverse architecture for good), but it’s really just the latest subtle and insidious and serpentine twist, another skin that the serpent of capitalism will slough off in its eternal quest to screw over most of the people to benefit a few of the people, even though those people won’t really benefit because the system-serpent is really eating its own tail.”  And so far forth.

That explanation could be true.  But so could a simpler one:  Capitalism has tremendous psychological, social, and environmental collateral damage, but it’s the most workable system given the constrains of reality and human nature, and if some smart people are finding ways to redistribute that wealth and living simpler, low impact lives in the process, then that’s a pretty damn good thing.  To mash it up with the first Noble Truth of Buddhism, “Capitalism is suffering.”  And just as governments have found ways to intervene in the marketplace in order to mitigate its creative destruction, so conscientious persons can enter into the stream of commerce to surf and channel its power for maximum human benefit.  This can be seen as part of the great struggle to “turn the aircraft carrier” of late capitalism, as we see with the rise of Corporate Social Responsibility, Green Capitalism, and Philanthro-Capitalism.  It’s time for humanists, intellectuals, and spiritualish folks to make up with capitalism, and rather than rage against the machine, find ways to work within the system to catalyze meaningful change.

A Magician’s Bargain?

The problem is that these neo-capitalist do-gooders are merely reinforcing the dominant and unsustainable economic frame that is contributing to the erosion of the middle class.  It’s great that they are redistributing wealth to people in the developing world, but there can only be so many MIT whiz-kids, and only so many who won’t be “Zuckered” into the data mine to go for the gold.  When it comes to new forms of charity and philanthropy, this is a stellar development; but when it comes to breaking the back of the New Feudalism, which enables and reinforces our de facto plutocracy, it doesn’t really make a dent in our macro-economic plight.